Registration Requirements

Registration Requirements

AKC DNA Program Information

What is a DNA profile?
Answer:

AKC DNA Profiles are generated using the same technology used by law enforcement agencies throughout the world. In humans and dogs alike, each gene is present as two copies (displayed as letters). Offspring receive one copy of each gene from each parent in a random process.

This technology does not use actual genes, but other DNA sequences that are also inherited - one copy from each parent. For this reason, your dog's AKC DNA Profile does not provide any information about the conformation of the dog or the presence/absence of genetic diseases. Furthermore, AKC DNA Profiles cannot determine the breed of a dog.

For more information, go to:

http://www.akc.org/dna/index.cfm

More frequently asked DNA questions can be found here:

http://www.akc.org/dna/dna_faqs.cfm


Do I need to send a DNA sample to AKC?
Answer:

DNA is required only in certain circumstances.
Those circumstances and AKC’s DNA requirements can be found at the websites listed below:

Frequently Used Sires Requirement:

http://www.akc.org/dna/frequently_used_sires.cfm

Compliance Audit Program:

http://www.akc.org/dna/compliance_audit.cfm

Customer-Driven DNA Complaint Policy:

http://www.akc.org/dna/complaint_policy.cfm

Imported Breeding Stock DNA Requirement:

http://www.akc.org/dna/imported_breeding_stock.cfm

Multiple-Sired Litter Registration:

http://www.akc.org/dna/multisire.cfm

Frozen and Chilled Semen DNA Requirements:

http://www.akc.org/dna/frozen_semen.cfm

More frequently asked DNA questions can be found here:

http://www.akc.org/dna/dna_faqs.cfm


Why does AKC require DNA samples for some dogs?
Answer:

The AKC offers a comprehensive set of voluntary and mandatory programs to ensure the integrity of the AKC registry: voluntary DNA Profiling; the Frequently Used Sires requirement; the Fresh-Extended/Frozen Semen requirement; the Multiple-Sired Litter Registration Policy; and the Kennel Inspections/Compliance Audit Program.

       Information on these programs can be found here:
       http://www.akc.org/dna/index.cfm

 

DNA is required for dogs only under these circumstances:

Frequently Used Sires Requirement:

http://www.akc.org/dna/frequently_used_sires.cfm

Compliance Audit Program

http://www.akc.org/dna/compliance_audit.cfm

Customer-Driven DNA Complaint Policy

http://www.akc.org/dna/complaint_policy.cfm

Imported Breeding Stock DNA Requirement

http://www.akc.org/dna/imported_breeding_stock.cfm

Multiple-Sired Litter Registration

http://www.akc.org/dna/multisire.cfm

Frozen and Chilled Semen DNA Requirements

http://www.akc.org/dna/frozen_semen.cfm

 

More frequently asked DNA questions can be found here:

http://www.akc.org/dna/dna_faqs.cfm


How do I collect a DNA sample?
Answer:

A small bristle brush is inserted in the dog's mouth, swirled against the inside of the cheek, and the sample is collected. It is this simple collection process that makes it possible to use DNA on a large scale to help the accuracy of the AKC registry.

AKC has two types of kits. The regular kit is available at no charge, and the $40 processing fee (per dog) is due when the sample is returned to the AKC. We also offer a Prepaid Test Kit for only $35 (per dog). You can save $5 per dog by paying in advance.

DNA Test Kits may be ordered through the AKC Online Store or by contacting the AKC at:

AKC DNA Operations
PO Box 900065
Raleigh, NC 27675-9065
Phone: 919-233-9767
E-mail: orderdesk@akc.org

More frequently asked DNA questions can be found here:

http://www.akc.org/dna/dna_faqs.cfm


What are the various AKC DNA programs?
Answer:

The AKC offers a comprehensive set of voluntary and mandatory programs to ensure the integrity of the AKC registry: voluntary DNA Profiling; the Frequently Used Sires requirement; the Fresh-Extended/Frozen Semen requirement; the Import Breeding Stock requirement; the Multiple-Sired Litter Registration Policy; and the Kennel Inspections/Compliance Audit Program.

       Information on these programs can be found here:
       http://www.akc.org/dna/index.cfm

 

More frequently asked DNA questions can be found here:

http://www.akc.org/dna/dna_faqs.cfm


How can I order a DNA kit?
Answer:

AKC has two types of kits. The regular kit is available at no charge, and the $40 processing fee (per dog) is due when the sample is returned to the AKC. We also offer a Prepaid Test Kit for only $35 (per dog). You can save $5 per dog by paying in advance.

DNA Test Kits may be ordered through the AKC Online Store or by contacting the AKC at:

AKC DNA Operations
PO Box 900065
Raleigh, NC 27675-9065
Phone: 919-233-9767
E-mail: orderdesk@akc.org


I sent my DNA sample to AKC but haven’t heard anything.  What is the status of my DNA profile?
Answer:

Breeders/owners fulfill the requirement when the DNA test kit arrives at DNA Operations in Raleigh and is logged into the Database, even though an additional six to eight weeks are required to obtain the actual DNA profile. Any litters that are pending because we need a DNA test for the sire will be released when we receive the sample.

If you want to check if we have received the sample, please contact: dna@akc.org


What are the DNA requirements of foreign registered dogs?
Answer:

All imported dogs (male or female) registered on or after March 1, 2006, require AKC DNA profiling prior to the registration of their first AKC-registered litter.

DNA is not required for individual dog registration. But the dog must have been positively and permanently identified (microchip or tattoo) prior to being registered.


What is Conditional Registration?
Answer: The AKC's DNA programs have resulted in an unprecedented level of accuracy to the AKC registry by evaluating the parentage of many AKC dogs and litters. However, a very small percentage of dogs are found, often years after birth, to have an unknown ancestor. All AKC registered dogs that are descendants of the unknown ancestor will have their registration downgraded to "conditional" until a three generation pedigree of DNA profiled parentage is established. "Unknown" will be noted on the registration or pedigree for the ancestor in question. Once a three generation pedigree is established, all future descendants will be given a standard registration status. Dogs with Conditional Registration may participate in the same AKC events in which PAL/ILP dogs may participate. To register a litter sired or produced by a dog with Conditional Registration, both the sire and dam must be AKC DNA Profiled.

The Conditional Registration program began in June 2007.

For more information on the Conditional Registration Program, please click here.


Purebred Alternative Listing/Indefinite Listing Privilege (PAL/ILP)

Can you give me information about AKC’s PAL/ILP program?
Answer:

The Purebred Alternative Listing/Indefinite Listing Privilege (PAL/ILP) is designed to allow dogs that are ineligible for registration, but are distinguishable as a member of an AKC registrable breed, to participate in many AKC Companion and Performance Events.

Once enrolled in the PAL/ILP program, entering AKC events is as easy as with a registered dog. The only difference is that instead of an AKC registration number, you would list the dog's PAL/ILP number on the entry form.

Applying for this program is a simple process. PAL/ILP applications can be downloaded from our website. You will need to go to http://www.akc.org/pdfs/masterform.cfm. The application is in .pdf format and requires the use of Adobe's Acrobat Reader to view the application. Adobe's Acrobat Reader can be obtained free from www.adobe.com. You must use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 4.0 or newer to view the files.
If you are not able to download the application, you can email PAL@akc.org to request an application. When requesting a form via email, please include your name and current mailing address.

Enrollment in the Purebred Alternative Listing/Indefinite Listing Privilege program is not to be construed as an alternative form of registration, but as a listing so that dogs who are ineligible for AKC registration may participate in AKC Companion and Performance Events. A PAL/ILP may be cancelled for cause.

Over 3,000 dogs in this innovative and fast-growing AKC program were granted PAL/ILP numbers in the year 2005, and the AKC awarded more than 6,000 AKC titles to PAL/ILP dogs in that same year. Enrollment in the PAL/ILP program is easy, and the benefits for you and your dog are endless.

For more information or questions about the program, contact PAL@akc.org. You can also find additional information on our website at http://www.akc.org/reg/ilpex.cfm.


How do I get a PAL/ILP application?
Answer:

Applications for enrollment into the Purebred Alternative Listing/Indefinite Listing Privilege Program (PAL/ILP) can be downloaded from our website at http://www.akc.org/pdfs/masterform.cfm. The application is in .pdf format and requires the use of Adobe's Acrobat Reader to view the application. Adobe's Acrobat Reader can be obtained free from www.adobe.com. You must use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 4.0 or newer to view the files.

If you are not able to download the application, you can email PAL@akc.org to request an application be mailed to you. When requesting a form via e-mail, please include your name and mailing address.



Foundation Stock Service (FSS®))

FSS information available at: http://www.akc.org/reg/fss_details.cfm

Downloadable form available at: http://www.akc.org/pdfs/ADFSS1.pdf

What is the FSS?
Answer: FSS stands for Foundation Stock Service. The AKC created the FSS to answer the needs of today’s rare breed fanciers. The FSS serves as an optional record keeping service for all purebred dogs that are not currently AKC-registrable. AKC has more than 100 years experience protecting the integrity of registered purebred dogs and assists owners of FSS-eligible breeds with maintaining pedigrees and ownership records. FSS is not a requirement for a breed to gain full AKC recognition, but several FSS breeds are now eligible to compete in Agility, Obedience, Tracking, Rally, and Performance Events for which the breed is eligible. Breeds must have dogs with three-generation pedigrees recorded in FSS, an active breed club, and a breed standard to be eligible for Companion and Performance Events competition.

If you list an eligible dog with FSS, you receive a FSS certificate that indicates the dog is the product of a purebred sire and dam of the same breed. For more information on the listing process and the FSS program, go to http://www.akc.org/reg/fss_details.cfm.

These are the current breeds eligible for FSS listings with the AKC:

Miscellaneous Class - http://www.akc.org/breeds/miscellaneous_class.cfm
Companion Events - http://www.akc.org/reg/fss_companion_events.cfm
Performance Events - http://www.akc.org/reg/fss_performance_events.cfm

How can I register my dog?
Answer: If you purchased/acquired a dog that is from an FSS recorded litter:

In order to have the dog recorded, you need to forward your FSS Dog Registration application to the AKC with the appropriate fees. You should receive the FSS Dog Registration application from the person from whom you bought/acquired the dog.

If I purchased/acquired a dog that is not from a litter produced by an FSS recorded sire and dam but the dog is from an acceptable registry:

You can apply to the FSS by forwarding a fully completed Foundation Stock Service application, a 3 generation pedigree from an acceptable registry, 2 photographs and the required fee to the AKC for review. Every application will be evaluated on its own merit. Applications for the FSS can be downloaded from your website http://www.akc.org/pdfs/masterform.cfm#Registration , or obtained from the AKC by calling (919) 233-9767 or by writing to AKC, 8051 Arco Corporate Drive, Suite 100, Raleigh, NC 27617-3390. A complete list of requirements and instructions is included with the application.

Why has this breed not become AKC recognizable?
Answer: The process to have a breed AKC recognized involves many different steps and there is not a set time frame for a breed to move from FSS into AKC recognition. Each breed is considered on an individual basis. In order to move into AKC, the recognition process begins with admission of the breed to the Miscellaneous Class.

Briefly stated, the requirement for admission to the Stud Book is clear and categorical proof that a substantial, sustained nationwide interest and activity in the breed exists. This includes an active parent club, with serious and expanding breeding activity over a wide geographic area. When in the judgment of the Board of Directors such interest and activity exists, a breed is admitted to the Miscellaneous Class.

Breeds remain in the Miscellaneous Class one to three years and are evaluated at the end of each year. When all criteria are met the information is presented to the AKC Board of Directors for approval to move to full AKC recognition and breed conformation competition.

When will this breed become AKC recognizable?
Answer: The process to have a breed AKC recognized involves many different steps and there is not a set time frame for a breed to move from FSS into AKC recognition. Each breed is considered on an individual basis. In order to move into AKC, the recognition process begins with admission of the breed to the Miscellaneous Class.

Briefly stated, the requirement for admission to the Stud Book is clear and categorical proof that a substantial, sustained nationwide interest and activity in the breed exists. This includes an active parent club, with serious and expanding breeding activity over a wide geographic area. When in the judgment of the Board of Directors such interest and activity exists, a breed is admitted to the Miscellaneous Class.

Breeds remain in the Miscellaneous Class one to three years and are evaluated at the end of each year. When all criteria are met the information is presented to the AKC Board of Directors for approval to move to full AKC recognition and breed conformation competition.

When the breed becomes AKC recognizable, will my dog move up?
Answer: If your dog was recorded in our Foundation Stock Service with a complete 3 generation pedigree (must include 3 generations of names and numbers), then your dog will be eligible for AKC recognition should the breed become recognized.

Will I have to re-register my dog when the breed goes AKC or will I automatically receive a new certificate?
Answer: You do not have to re-register your dog once the breed is accepted into AKC recognition. If your dog has a complete 3 generation pedigree on file you will automatically receive an AKC Certificate.

Will my registration number be different when the breed moves up?
Answer: The registration number of your dog will not change when a breed moves from the FSS into AKC recognition. The number your dog received at the time it was recorded in the FSS will stay the same.

What is the fee to record an FSS dog?
Answer: The individual recording of a dog is $35.

If your dog is from an FSS litter the dog recording is $10. This price may vary based on your package selection. A co-owner fee may apply (see fee schedule).

You can find a complete list of fees on the AKC website http://www.akc.org/reg/fss_fees.cfm.


FSS® Coonhounds

Coonhound information available at: http://www.akccoonhounds.org/

Downloadable form available at: http://www.akc.org/pdfs/ADFSS2.pdf

How can I register my Coonhound?
Answer: If you purchased/acquired a dog that is from an FSS recorded litter:
In order to have the dog recorded, you need to forward your FSS Dog Registration application to the AKC with the appropriate fees. You should receive the FSS Dog Registration application from the person from whom you bought/acquired the dog.
If I purchased/acquired a dog that is not from a litter produced by an FSS recorded sire and dam but the dog is from an acceptable registry:
You can apply to the FSS by forwarding a fully completed Foundation Stock Service application for Coonhounds and a 3 generation pedigree from an acceptable registry (UKC or PKC). Every application will be evaluated on its own merit. Applications for the FSS can be downloaded from your website http://www.akc.org/pdfs/masterform.cfm#Registration , or obtained from the AKC by calling (919) 233-9767 or by writing to AKC, 8051 Arco Corporate Drive, Suite 100, Raleigh, NC 27617-3390. A complete list of requirements and instructions is included with the application. Note: Plott Coonhounds need to complete the AKC Registration Application for Open Registry of an Individual Dog.

Is it still free?
Answer: The coonhound applications are no longer being processed for free. You can visit the AKC website for a complete list of fees at http://www.akc.org/reg/fss_fees.cfm.

What is the fee?
Answer: The individual recording of a Coonhound is $15.

If your dog is from an FSS litter the dog recording is $10. This price may vary based on your package selection.

You can find a complete list of fees on the AKC website http://www.akc.org/reg/fss_fees.cfm.


Fresh Semen

Fresh Semen information available at:
http://www.akc.org/reg/artificialinsemination.cfm
http://www.akc.org/pdfs/rulebooks/RREGS2.pdf

Downloadable form available at: http://www.akc.org/pdfs/freshse.pdf

What do I need in order to register my Fresh semen litter?
Answer: The breeder must complete and submit an Application to Register a Litter Resulting from Artificial Insemination Using Fresh Semen with the proper fee. Note: If someone other then the sire owner has extracted the semen or if someone other then the dam has inseminated the female they must complete their respective sections on page 2 of the application.

Sire and dam must both be present during the extraction of semen and the insemination of the bitch.

Does a Vet have to perform the insemination?
Answer: Artificial insemination using Fresh Semen does not have to be performed by a licensed veterinarian.

What are the DNA requirements?
Answer: DNA is not required when using Fresh Semen.


Fresh Extended Semen

Fresh Extended Semen information available at:
http://www.akc.org/pdfs/rulebooks/RREGS2.pdf
http://www.akc.org/reg/artificialinsemination.cfm

Fresh Extended Semen DNA requirements available at: http://www.akc.org/dna/frozen_semen.cfm

Downloadable form available at: http://www.akc.org/pdfs/semenfe.pdf

What do I need in order to register my Fresh Extended Semen litter?
Answer: The breeder must complete and submit an Application to Register a Litter Resulting from Artificial Insemination Using Fresh Extended Semen containing the certifications completed by the person that performed the extraction and the insemination.

The sire must be AKC DNA Certified.

Does a Vet have to perform the insemination?
Answer: Artificial insemination using Fresh Extended Semen does not have to be performed by a licensed veterinarian.

What are the DNA requirements?
Answer:
  • After October 1, 1998, AKC DNA Profiling is required for all stud dogs whose semen is collected for fresh extended or frozen use, including foreign stud dogs collected for imported semen use in the United States.
  • The intent of this requirement is to include all semen collected for storage and/or shipment for the purpose of artificial insemination, but not to include artificial insemination where the dog and bitch are both present.
  • Frozen semen collected and stored prior to October 1, 1998 in accordance with AKC's regulations and procedures is exempted from this requirement.
  • Cheek swab samples must be obtained by the collector and submitted with the notification of collection to AKC (if the DNA sample is not already on file with AKC).


Frozen Semen

Frozen Semen information available at: http://www.akc.org/pdfs/rulebooks/RREGS2.pdf

Frozen Semen DNA requirements available at: http://www.akc.org/dna/frozen_semen.cfm

Downloadable form available at: http://www.akc.org/pdfs/frozsem.pdf

What do I need in order to register my frozen semen litter?
Answer:
  • The collection of semen for the artificial breeding must be reported to the AKC with DNA certification. If the semen was collected after October 1, 1998, the sire must be AKC DNA Certified.
  • The collector/storer must be on record with the AKC as familiar with and complying with the AKC regulations for record keeping and identification of dogs.
  • The Application to Register a Litter Resulting from Artificial Insemination Using Frozen Semen must be submitted containing the certifications completed by the owner of the semen, the owner of the dam and the veterinarian who performed the artificial breeding, with the proper fee.

How do I transfer Frozen Semen to someone else?
Answer: The transfer of Frozen Semen must be done at the facility that the semen is stored. We do require that all sire owners sign consenting to the transfer. The facility will notify AKC once the transfer has been completed on their records.

Does the sire owner on record have to be the same as the frozen semen owner?
Answer: The sire owner on record does not have to be the same as the frozen semen owner as long as the records provided from the facility match the signatures on the Frozen Semen Litter Application.

Does a Vet have to perform the insemination?
Answer: Artificial insemination using Frozen Semen must be performed by a licensed veterinarian.

Can I use a foreign sire or does the sire have to be AKC registered?
Answer: The sire does not have to be AKC registered as long as he meets all the requirements of foreign registration and a three generation certified pedigree from an acceptable registry is submitted with the Frozen Semen application. These requirements can be found at http://www.akc.org/rules/special_registry_services.cfm?page=5.

What are the DNA requirements?
Answer:
  • After October 1, 1998, AKC DNA Profiling is required for all stud dogs whose semen is collected for fresh extended or frozen use, including foreign stud dogs collected for imported semen use in the United States.
  • The intent of this requirement is to include all semen collected for storage and/or shipment for the purpose of artificial insemination, but not to include artificial insemination where the dog and bitch are both present.
  • Frozen semen collected and stored prior to October 1, 1998 in accordance with AKC's regulations and procedures is exempted from this requirement.
  • Cheek swab samples must be obtained by the collector and submitted with the notification of collection to AKC (if the DNA sample is not already on file with AKC).






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